A child on the Kindertransport

 

History



In 1933 when the Nazis came to power in Germany they gradually bought in their notorious anti Jewish laws, which prevented Jews from moving around freely. Their businesses were closed, their homes were taken away. Jewish doctors and teachers were not allowed to practise. Men were harassed and arrested, deported and put into concentration camps. Jewish children and students were bullied and beaten and finally banned from schools and universities




In 1938 a Polish Jew assassinated a German Embassy Official in Paris. This triggered off an orgy of smashing, looting and burning of Jewish homes and businesses. School, synogogues and religious artefacts were burnt. Thousands were arrested. The violence was called 'Kistallnacht', the night of broken glass. Aware of the imminent danger thousands of Jews who were able to fled Germany





After Kristallnacht the Central British Fund for German Jewry in Britain realised that lives had to be saved. Within four weeks they lobbied the British government, raised funds to get the children out of Germany and ran the first train. This rescue became known as the Kindertransport
You will find more information about Kristallnacht here






There are many other resources on the web covering the Holocaust. We would like to thank:
The Imperial War Museum - London
The Wiener Library - Director: Ben Barkow
The Reunion of Kindertransport - London. Now part of The AJR
The Kindertransport of America - USA
“Hide and Seek” - A film about child survival in the face of the Nazi onslaught
Dr. Amy Zahl Gottlieb - Historian and Author of “Men of Vision” published by Weidenfeld & Nicholson, London



Thanks also to the following, for allowing us to use their pictures:

www.xroads.virginia.edu    www.thinkquest.org    www.shoah.de